Asia First Zoo in history


Current name and image of Barrackpore Zoo

We know very little about past Incidents surrounding us. One of these patterns is the attempt to learn about the natural animals that have been raised at Barrackpore. As a result of the fourth zoo in the world was built at Barrackpore in West Bengal. I left the house intoxicated to see some traces of history.

The purpose is to find the remains of the Barrackpore Zoo seen in the picture. It is very difficult to see through the dense vegetation in one place so much. A little while ago I saw the ruins of the old "Plant and Sweet House" in the garden. Now the target is to look for the ruins of the zoo house. It is understood that this is a photograph taken in 1751 by Frederick Fibig. Remains of magnificent architecture are still recognizable. Some of the galleries inside still stand, with stretched platforms for keeping small bird cages on either side of the visitors' path. And the lined windows, the roof is completely gone. After that there is a platform for keeping big birds. A little farther away is a beautiful fountain with a big basin.

How to Reach

The train route is suitable for quick and easy access. Barrackpore Railway Station is eight number station on the Barrackpore train from Sealdah Railway Station. The first zoo in Asia and the fourth in the world was built on the banks of the Ganges, just form Barrackpore Railway Station 2.5 km away.

Present route image

Information about Zoo

In 1802-1803, only three zoos were opened for the public. The first in Vienna -1765, the second in Madrid - 1775 and the third in Paris-1795. Even the "Zoological Society of London" was not formed then. It will be built in 1826. The London Zoo began in 1728, and it took more than 43 years for the general public to enter. Ordinary people were not allowed to enter the zoo of the kings. The first zoo in India, the first in Asia and probably the fourth in the world was opened at Barrackpore, north of Kolkata. Because after 1895, no new documents were known that a new zoo was established. Lord Richard Collie Wellesley, the Governor-General of the East India Company, did this revolutionary work in the history of nature at Barrackpore, where the common man had access. Many of his works were far ahead of the common man and he did it without any hindrance to make them a reality. He was the Governor General of Calcutta from 1896-1805. In 1800 he built Barrackpore Park on the banks of the Ganges. Within three years, the size of the park increased to a thousand bighas. The current name of the park is "Lalbagan or Mangal Pandey Park". He also started work on building a palace in the park but the house was not completed. Wellesley built a road from Shyambazar to Barrackpore for easy access from Calcutta Government House to his favorite Barrackpore Park home. The current name of the road is BT Road. He started the Fort William College in Calcutta in 1800 to teach the local language to the English staff. Animals and birds found in the British colonies of Asia needed to be scientifically colored with detailed descriptions because the Europeans had little knowledge of the subject. The collection of animals started and they were kept in "Gardenrich". At first it was decided to be associated with the College of Fort William - "Natural History of India". When it was not possible, Wellesley brought the animals to Barrackpore Park. The doctors of the East India Company are famous. Naturalist Francis Bacon was assigned to run the research center. The English colonies in the Indian subcontinent instructed the medical officers at all the places where animal samples were collected to assist them. All the letters related to this research will be written on the envelope "Natural History of India" then postage will be waived. The word zoological garden or zoo did not come into use until late 1803. The ranch was called "Minajeri". The maintenance cost of these animals at Barrackpore was 2791 rupees 9 annas. The Barrackpore Zoo was started with this animal for research. The monthly cost for this zoo was fixed at Rs.1000.

Lord Richard Colley Wellesley

Monthly cost details

500 rupees for feeding and dressing animals

100 for sculptors

40 rupees for writers

60 rupees for drawing ingredients

300 for collection of new animals

When Lord Wellesley and Buchanan returned to England in 1805, the work on the Barrackpore, of the “Natural History of India” almost ceased. The zoo has been located for 75 years since Lord Wellesley left.

Reconstruction The Zoo

Later, during the reign of Lord Hastings in 1818-1819, a new aviary was built. In 1822 he built another new ranch at the southwest corner of the Chiria Mor in Barrackpore.

The next Auckland Government General came to India in 1838. He and his two sisters, Emily and Fanny Eden, redecorated the Barrackpore Zoo again. Rhinos in rhino ponds, deer in deer ponds, deer, bears, cheetahs, white bears, giraffes and many birds from home and abroad. The Golden Pheasant was brought from China - a new aviary was created for the birds. After returning to Auckland in 1842, the Barrackpore Zoo was in operation for another 34 years. In 16 King Edward VII inaugurated “The Alipore Zoo”. The then Viceroy Lord Lytton sent the animals from Barrackpore Zoo to Alipore Zoo. One of them was a Tortoise which was death in 2006 at Alipore Zoo.

barrackpor zoo's bird and animal 

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