The Mysterious man of India and great Leader


The end of nineteenth century The British ruling after one hundred fifty years. The whole India, there was no talk about independence, no freedom struggle was active, no independence slogan was raised. At this time, under such circumstances, The Guardian of India born at Bengali family in Orissa city of Cuttack. The great name of guardian –“Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose”.   

The beginning of the birth of Subhash Chandra:

On 23rd January 1897 The guardian of India  Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, in Cuttack Orissa.

Subhas Chandra with his parents

Father – Janakinath Bose, Mother – Prabhavati Davi (Bose). He born into a middle class family, father was a lawyer by profession. Subhash Chandra was a very intelligent and gifted student form an early age.

Educational life:

He started his studies the Protestant European school (now Stuart high school) Cuttack in 1902. After that he change his school and joined The Ravens Collegiate School for continue his matric education. Year 1913 he took second place in Matric Examination now it’s called Higher Secondary Examination.

After passing the matric, he was admitted to Presidency College. While at Presidency College in 1918, Subhas continued to propagate the idea of an independent India among the students and to dream of an independent India. Subhas said his autobiography that he want to become proficient in human understanding for that reason he study in Philosophy. After that he completed his higher education at Scottish Church College, Calcutta University in 1918.

After completed study in Philosophy in India, he moved to Fort William College Cambridge in 1919. And form the Cambridge he began preparing for the Civil Service examination. He ranked fourth in Civil service in 1920. Only because respect or love for The Country Bosh refused to enslave the British.

Who was the inspiration of Subhas Chandra?

Subhash Chandra Bose influence and inspirer by Sri Ramakrishna Paramhansa Dev  and Swami Vivekananda in his student life. This is the only reason you are a devotee of the great man - according to their words, sexual intercourse becomes the biggest obstacle in the way of fulfilling the purpose of life. For this exhortation Subhas was inspired by them.

Subhash Chandra Bose inspirer by these great man

The beginning of the freedom fight:

Revolution in Indian politics:

Subhas Chandra Bose show revolution in Indian politics with Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi and Chitra Ranjan Das

Returning to the country, he started promoting patriotism and independence through the Swaraj Newspaper, associating himself with Mahatma Gandhi and Chittaranjan Das of the Congress Committee. At that time Subhas was a young academic journalist and was working as a leader of the Bengal Congress volunteers. He inspired the youth of Bengal and the entire Bengali people in the freedom struggle. As a result of this activity, he was first arrested in 1921. After his arrest, he made it clear that he would have to seize power in order to break the British power. In 1924, he was appointed as the Corporation Chip Executive of Calcutta Municipality and Chitraranjan Das was appointed as the Mayor of Calcutta. While he was leading a protest rally in Calcutta, he was arrested along with Maghfur Ahmad Azaji and other leaders and taken into custody. Bose was fired from his executive post on suspicion of involvement in revolutionary activities. Bose was deported to Burma in its current name, Myanmar.

In a roundup of nationalists in 1925, Bose was arrested and sent to Mandalay prison, where he contracted tuberculosis. After his release from prison in 1926, Bose became the General Secretary of the Congress Party and worked with Jawaharlal Nehru for independence. In late December 1926, Bose convened the annual meeting of the Indian National Congress in Calcutta. His most notable role was as the General Officer Commanding (GOC) of the Congress Volunteer Corps.

The failure of the non-cooperation movement led to the formation of another organization within the Congress, the Independence Indian League in 1928. And within the Congress, the right-wing and left-wing parties led by Gandhi and the right-wing Nehru-led left wing were clearly noticed.

Participate in Haripura Congress:

In the Haripura Congress election in 1936, Subhash Chandra was elected President and he started planning in imitation of Russia's Five Year Plan. He wanted to bring the “Trade Union Congress” and the “Kisan Sabha” under the Congress.

Re participate in Tripura Congress/forward block establish:

Two candidate participate in Tripura Congress 

These ideas and plans of Subhas Chandra did not please the right wing, and at the call of Subhas, when communist leaders like Sahajananda Saraswati and Manabendranath Roy became members of the Congress, a conflict arose between the right and the left. Due to this disturbance, Jayaprakash resigned as a member of the working committee. All this anarchy caused problems in the election of the President of the Tripura Congress. Gandhi wanted Subhas to stand for the presidency in the Tripura Congress session. Gandhi is his nominated candidate. Gandhi ji nominated his nominee Sitaramayya  the election, but when Subhas voluntarily participated in the ‘Tripura Congress’ presidential election and he defeated Gandhi-ji's elected candidate Sitaramayya by 1580-138 votes. Subhas was re-elected President of the Tripura Congress. In the wake of a rift between right-wing and left-wing members and Gandhiji's unequivocal disagreement, Subhash Chandra declared his resignation after declaring that "Winning the election is meaningless because I have failed to earn the trust of India's Mahatma Purusha". After that Subhash Chandra never went back to the Congress. After leaving the Congress, he formed a political party called Forward Bloc on 3 May 1939 in a completely different way.

Subhas Chandra Bose forward bloc establish in 1939 after resigning from Congress

Azad Hind Fauj (INA)

Plans of Azad Hind Fauj and leaving the country:

With the outbreak of World War II in 1939, he planned to launch an armed operation with military assistance from the British enemy. To that end, in 1941, he secretly left the country with the help of Shishir Kumar and fled to Germany via Afghanistan Kabul border on 16 January, with the dust in the eyes of the British troops.

Netaji e Subhas Chandra Bose run away help with Shishir Kumar

Black German Wanderer sedan that Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose rode in his 'great escape' on January 16, 1941.

Subhas Chandra sought the help of German statesman Hitler to establish an independent Indian government. But for some reason Hitler refused to help. Hitler later consented to the "Azad Hindustan" radio station, and he helped form the "Azad Hind Fauj" (INA), an army of 400 Indian soldiers captured by Germany. The term “Netaji” was first applied to Bose in Germany in early 1942. Indian troops of the Legion in the Indus and German and Indian officials at the Special Bureau for India in Berlin.

Contribution of Rasbihari Basu:

On the other hand, Rasbihari Bose and Captain Mohan Singh of the British forces captured by the Japanese formed an army of 40,000 Indian soldiers with the help of the Japanese government. Rash Behari Bose founded the Indian Independence League in 1942 with 15 members from India in Southeast Asia. From there, Netaji called on Netaji to lead the Azad Hind Bahini in Southeast Asia. Netaji visited Japan in June 1943, and met with Japanese Prime Minister Hideki Tojo to sign an agreement with the Azad Hind Fauj to assist in the war against the British. Rashbehari Bose presided over the Indian Independence League and handed over the leadership of the ‘Azad Hind Fauj’ to Netaji. The Azad Hind Government and the ‘Azad Hind Fauj’ were officially established on 21 October 1943.

As the Commander of Chief The “Azad Hind Fauj”. Netaji declared on radio for the nation -- "Give me blood, I shall give you freedom”.  According to the December 31 declaration, Netaji entered the first liberated area, the present-day Andaman and Nicobar Islands, naming both islands “Shahid and Swaraj Dwip” in 1944. In the beginning ‘Azad Hind Fauj’ forces launched a surprise attack and captured the base called Maudak. The two divisions of the Subhas Brigade entered Kahima and conquered Kahima, but in the end the operation at Palel Airport failed due to lack of aircraft, tanks and artillery. General Shahnawaz claimed that the ‘Azad Hind Fauj’ had advanced 150 miles inside India in the operation but could not overcome the difficulties due to lack of aircraft fighting in remote hilly areas. Netaji himself was largely responsible for his failure. It was not possible to achieve such a great war on complete foreign aid.

After independence on 15 August 1947, the Nehru government and the Sahanabaj Committee officially announced that Netaji had died in a plane crash on 18 August 1945.

Netaji missing mystery:

According to the Sahanabaz report, on 15 August Netaji flew to Bangkok on a warplane with some of his associates from Singapore. After spending the night in Bangkok, next morning 16 august he went to Saigon, Vietnam.

Netaji Manchuria route

For Netaji's protection, the Japanese army requested that all his allies not be taken away, and Netaji left for Manchuria but Netaji his closest ally, Colonel Habibur Rahman. He left for Manchuria with Colonel Habibur Rahman. On the road, he spent the night in Tuyen city, Vietnam. The next morning August 18, 1945 Netaji went for Tuyen to city of Taichung in Taiwan for plan fueling on the road of Mnchuria.  According to Shahnaz's report, Netaji flew from Taiwan to Manchurian but the plane crashed shortly after takeoff and according to the report, Netaji was completely burnt in the plane crash to take him nearby hospital where he died at the hospital.

According to reports, Netaji's intention was reach out Manchuria to Russia, and then he went to India from Russia to further intensify the Indian independence struggle against the British.

But other side Netaji’s younger brother Suresh Chandra Bose and the second member of the Sahanabaj Committee denied that report outright.

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